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Armenia

Hayastan - Republic of Armenia, Hayastani Hanrapetutyun

Last modified: 2010-08-27 by ivan sache
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[Flag of Armenia]

National flag of Armenia - Image by António Martins, 6 September 2005

Flag used between 1918 and 1921 and readopted 24 August 1991 (with modified proportions), coat of arms used between 1918 and 1921 and readopted 24 August 1991.
Proportions: 1:2
Description: Horizontally divided red-blue-orange.
Use: on land, as the civil, state and war flag.

Colour approximate specifications (as given in Album des Pavillons [pay00]):

  • Red: Pantone 199c / CMYK (%) C 0 - M100 - Y 65 - K 0
  • Blue: Pantone 285c / CMYK (%) C 90 - M 45 - Y 0 - K 0
  • Orange: Pantone 021c / CMYK (%) C 0 - M 50 - Y 90 - K 0

On this page:

See also:


Law on the flag of Armenia

"Declaration about Independence of Armenia" was adopted on 23 August 1990; the Law "About the national flag of the Republic of Armenia" (No C-0076-1) was adopted by the Supreme Council on the next day, 24 August 1990.
The Law prescribes the national flag of Armenia as a rectangular panel of proportions 1:2, with three equal horizontal stripes of red, blue and orange colours (from top to bottom).

Victor Lomantsov, 2 March 2002

Following the Constitutional reform of 27 November 2005, Law No 149 "On the National Flag of Armenia" was adopted on 15 June 2006 by the Parliament and signed by President of the Republic Robert Kocharian on 4 July 2006. The Law prescribes the hoisting of the national flag on the public buildings, the seat of the Presidency of the Republic, the Parliament, the Court and the offices of the bodies representing the Republic. The Law allows private citizens to fly the flag on their houses, provided the flag is hoisted higher than 2.5 m above ground level. The Law forbids the use of a dirty, faded or tarnished flags.

Victor Lomantsov, Antonio Gutierrez & Ivan Sache, 22 March 2008

Quoting the Panorama portal, 14 March 2008:

Today in the National Assembly state-legal questions committee session was discussed the proposal of deputies Armen Ashotyan and Karen Avagyan to hold some supplements to the "Law on the Flag of Armenia".
According to the National Assembly official wesite, Armen Ashotyan said that while drafting the law they took into account the proposals and the comments of the Government and the National Assembly.
According to the project it is offered to raise the Armenian flag from the left hand if there is another foreign flag, if the number of flags is odd number then the Armenian flag should be in the middle of them, if the flags are pairs then the Armenian one should be in the left hand from the middle.

Ivan Sache, 21 March 2008


The national symbols in the Constitution of Armenia

The Constitution of Armenia, adopted in 1995, says:

Article 13.

The flag of the Republic of Armenia is tricolor made of three horizontal and equal stripes of red, blue, and orange.
The coat of arms of the Republic of Armenia depicts, in the center on a shield, Mount Ararat with Noah's ark and the coats of arms of the four kingdoms of historical Armenia. The shield is supported by a lion and an eagle while a sword, a branch, a sheaf, a chain and a ribbon are portrayed under the shield.
The national anthem of the Republic of Armenia is Our Fatherland.
The capital of the Republic of Armenia is Yerevan.

Source: Embassy of Republic of Armenia in Washington

Gvido Petersons, 11 August 2000


Colours of the flag

According to the aforementioned law adopted in 1990, the colours of the flag are karmir, kappoyt, narndjagooyn (Eastern Armenian pronunciation), which translates exactly into "red, blue, orange".

Alexandre Voscorian, 25 May 1998

The flag represents the people of Armenia. The red stands for the blood shed by all Armenian soldiers, present and past. The orange stands for the fertile land and the farmers who work on it. The blue stands for the sky.

Raffi Kazanjian, 27 June 1996

Some other different interpretations of the colors of the Armenian flag are:
1) A rainbow over Mount Ararat.
2) Red is the blood shed and the whole is derived from the colours of the banners of the former Kingdom of Cilicia.
3) A simple description of the colours says: vermilion red, ultramarine blue and apricot orange.
4) A friend told me that he has heard: red: blood shed; blue: eternal land of Armenia; orange: courage.
5) Finally a source not to be neglected, the Embassy of the Republic of Armenia in Ottawa (although I find this one very awkward): red: the sun's energy; blue: the clear sky; orange: the wheat at harvest.

Note that 1), 2), 3), and 4) are not in contradiction:
1) gives the impression given by the flag as a whole.
2) explains the origins.
3) describes the colours precisely.
And 4) gives a meaning to each colour.
However, 5) is clearly in contradiction with 4), but also with 2).

Luc Baronian, 5 May 1997


Variant of the flag shown on a postage stamp

[Variant of the flag]

The flag of Armenia as shown on a postage stamp - Image by António Martins, 25 May 2008

In 1992, newly (re)-independent Armenia issued a 0.20 stamp (SG 255) featuring the national flag depicted in crayon style as a fluttering view.
The flag shows unusual specifications, with apparent proportions of 2:3 instead of the official 1:2 and color shades for blue and orange much lighter than expected, the latter being indeed medium yellow instead.

António Martins, 25 May 2008